Low Temperature Carburizing of Austenitic Stainless Steel: Part One

Although austenitic stainless steels are among the most commonly applied corrosion resistant steels challenges exist related to their relatively poor surface hardness and wear resistance.
Low temperature carburizing presents an effective solution to these challenges by increasing surface hardness through a carbon rich diffusion zone which does not compromise the corrosion resistance of the material. Continue reading

Vacuum Brazing: Part One

Vacuum brazing is categorized as a technique by its protected sealed environment under vacuum and extremely high temperatures greater than 800°C.
The main advantages of using vacuum brazing include achieving high integrity hermetic joints with minimal distortion. Continue reading

Lean Alloy Steels

Rising prices of certain alloying elements such as nickel and molybdenum have driven recent work on lower priced replacements for austenitic stainless steels.
Progress has been made in finding suitable replacements but there are some key open questions remaining regarding the performance of the materials in specific applications. Continue reading

Lean Duplex Stainless Steel

The early grades were alloys of chromium, nickel and molybdenum. Thermodynamically, because the austenite is forming from the ferrite, it is impossible for the alloy to go past the equilibrium level of austenite.
Lean Duplex Stainless Steels have many end uses in oil and gas due to their high strength and good corrosion properties. They have been used for subsea applications including flexible flowlines, umbilical tubing, subsea manifolds, water injection lines and downhole chemical injection tubing.

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