Dynamic and static strain aging are the two main methods by which a material is further aged either during or after a period of plastic deformation.
Dynamic strain aging is specifically characterized by a rapid aging process which occurs during the actual straining and is associated with subsequent strength property advancements of the material. Continue reading
The coefficient of thermal expansion effectively measures the rate of the material expansion as a function of temperature.
This is a critical measure of the material where the application infers heating and remaining at a fixed dimension for any period of time. Continue reading
Shape memory alloys are categorized by two very unique properties; pseudo-elasticity (PE), and the shape memory effect (SME).
Since SMA’s are hugely versatile and functional materials they have a range of important applications to fulfill including bone transplant replacements, sensors, antennas for mobile phones and much more. Continue reading
There are five typical methods of bending currently used in industry today: rolling, incremental bending, hot bending, rotary-draw bending, and induction bending.
Although ISF is generally very slow, it is of interest because no or only a simple and cheap tool is required, making the process ideal for small-series production. Continue reading
A critical step in any brazing process is the successful removal of oxide films before the process begins and the vacuum brazing process is no different.
In order to prepare the mating surfaces for brazing the ‘clean-up’ process needs to be initiated and this typically happens most effectively between 600 and 850°C. Continue reading
Although austenitic stainless steels are among the most commonly applied corrosion resistant steels challenges exist related to their relatively poor surface hardness and wear resistance.
Low temperature carburizing presents an effective solution to these challenges by increasing surface hardness through a carbon rich diffusion zone which does not compromise the corrosion resistance of the material. Continue reading
Corrosion fatigue occurs through accumulated load cycling resulting in localized irreversible cyclic plastic deformation with as a result of chemical or electrochemical reactions.
Fatigue is already often described as the most common cause of engineering failure and when a corrosive environment is introduced, there are no guarantees for a safe stress range at all.