Plasma nitriding improves the wear resistance of a material by effectively altering the surface microstructure while maintaining adequate substrate properties.
Nitriding occurs when a bias voltage is applied to the work piece causing ions to collide with the surface and consequently creating the nitride effect. Continue reading
Nitorcarburizing is typically performed on steel components to improve surface hardness of the material via nitrogen dispersion.
One noteworthy finding however suggests that the corrosion resistance of the treated specimen was less than that of the control and untreated part. Continue reading
Boronizing is a surface treatment by which boron atoms are diffused into the surface of the metal in quantities exceeding the solubility limit.
Hardness is improved and thus wear resistance increased as well as a number of other advantages such as corrosion and oxidization resistance. Continue reading
There are five typical methods of bending currently used in industry today: rolling, incremental bending, hot bending, rotary-draw bending, and induction bending.
Although ISF is generally very slow, it is of interest because no or only a simple and cheap tool is required, making the process ideal for small-series production. Continue reading
Nitrocarburizing is a surface hardening process which has several key advantages related to the efficiency in application and also in terms of producing a consistent and stable finished product.
The micro-hardness of surface treated materials using nitrocarburizing can have an increased surface hardness at a ratio of 1.3 to 1.5. Continue reading
Aluminum is well established at the front of the pack with regards to providing the technological answer to the increasing challenges of light weighting whilst maintaining integrity of the material for the desired applications.
Semi solid rheocasting is a development within the casting sector which enables improved quality in die casting without increasing cost. Continue reading
Steels can exhibit a wide variety of properties depending on composition as well as the phases and micro-constituents present, which in turn depend on the heat treatment.
The basis for the understanding of the heat treatment of steels is the Fe-C phase diagram. It actually includes two diagrams; the stable iron-graphite diagram and the metastable Fe-Fe3C diagram. The stable condition usually takes a very long time to develop, especially in the low-temperature and low-carbon range, and therefore the metastable diagram is of more interest.
Precipitation hardening, or age hardening, provides one of the most widely used mechanisms for the strengthening of metal alloys. The strongest aluminum alloys (2xxx, 6xxx and 7xxx) are produced by age hardening.
In order for an alloy system to be able to be precipitation-strengthened, there must be a terminal solid solution that has a decreasing solid solubility as the temperature decreases. The precipitation-hardening process involves three basic steps: solution treatment, quenching and aging.