Medium manganese steels should be considered in the same circles of many of the technologically focused and well known materials in the automotive industry such as AHSS, DP, CP as well as second generation steels.
Medium-Mn steels show a strong tendency for transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) or twinning induced plasticity (TWIP) depending on the stability of the retained austenite. Continue reading
Titanium alloys have an extremely wide appeal due to a range of advantages including a very high strength to weight ratio, high fatigue resistance and biocompatibility.
Through gas nitriding, an established thermochemical surface treatment method, the surface hardness, corrosion resistance and friction coefficient can all be improved.
Generally there is a huge application of powder metallurgy produced parts, especially in the automotive industry.
The complexity of these parts however can mean that through the presence of pores crack propagation can be a very real problem which needs to be addressed through various alloying and process techniques. Continue reading
Dynamic and static strain aging are the two main methods by which a material is further aged either during or after a period of plastic deformation.
Dynamic strain aging is specifically characterized by a rapid aging process which occurs during the actual straining and is associated with subsequent strength property advancements of the material. Continue reading
Additive manufacturing is a relatively recent manufacturing method which has become a key area of interest in multiple industrial sectors.
Some of the most prominent benefits of AM include very low energy consumption, reduced waste, and a reduced time to market, to name but a few. Continue reading
Boride emerged as a good alloying option for iron based alloys to help improve toughness and specifically help in applications where wear resistance is important.
There are many studies available but here we discuss the effect of different tempering temperatures on the microstructure and mechanical properties of high boron white cast iron after air quenching. Continue reading
One of the earliest and most recognized adopters of adhesives to join metal parts was the aircraft industry who began using the available technologies during World War II.
Nowadays adhesive bonding is a commonly used technique for joining similar and dissimilar materials and whilst if offers great flexibility in design, the mechanics of the joints must be well understood. Continue reading
Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) is a sintering technique which is well matched to mechanically milled materials such as tool steels due to its low temperature and short cycle time.
One of the key objectives using SPS is to increase the density of the sinter in order to attain better overall property profiles of the finished part. Continue reading
Finley dispersed nano-particles of oxides can be successfully used in the strengthening of titanium alloys due to their hardness, stability and insolubility in the base-metal.
Other dispersoids can also be used such a ceramics but the most important aspect is for them to be thermodynamically stable, homogeneously distributed in the metal matrix and of nanometric size. Continue reading